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Author Archives: Wahineata Smith

Te Hiringa o te pao

Ko Kare Tipa tēnei, e kauwhau ana i Te Kura o Ōruapaeroa, Ōtautahi 2024.

Inātata nei, i rarau atu kā kaimanako o te reo ki tētahi hui taumata ki Te Kura o Ōruapaeroa, Ōtautahi 23-24 Māehe 2024. Ko Terea Te Waka te hui taumata e kōrero nā, he mea whakatū e Te Pae Motuhake o Te Tai Toka. He mea tautoko hoki tēnei hui e Te Mātāwai hai whakaohooho, hai whakaaweawe i kā reaka o nāianei kia tika te kawe i kā ōhākī tuku iho, kia whakairohia te anamata mō ā tātau tamariki mokopuna.

Nā ko tētahi o kā kaikōrero matua o te hui nā, ko Kare Tipa. He kaiako ia ki Ōtākou Whakaihu Waka, waihoki, koni atu i te kahuru tau ia e whakaako ana ki kā Kura Reo. He taiwahine a Kare i pakeke mai i Te Tai o Araiteuru, i raro hoki i āna mauka kōrero. Ko Moeraki ake te papamoe ō ōna tīpuna, heoi, nō te tokorima taotao o Tahu tou tēnei īnati.

Kaupapa Kōrero: Te Hirika o te pao!

Ko tā Kare he hāpai, he whakatinana, he whakatauria i te reo me ōna tikaka. I te nuika o te wā kai ruka i te horopaki o ‘Te tū o te wahine nō Kāi Tahu’. I tō Kare whai i te reo, ko KMK hoki tētahi puna reo i whai waahi atu a Kare i roto i kā tau. Ko tōhona takeka pūkeka, kai kā mahi a Rukutia, arā ko kā mahi tito ko kā wānaka reo me kā wānanka tikaka Māori, otirā, kai te tuhia hoki tana tuhika kairaki. Nō nākuanei a Kare kua whakahaere wānaka hai whakapakari i kā pūkeka wāhine, pūkeka karaka, pūkeka pao, pūkeka mōteatea hoki, tae atu ki ētahi tikaka mahika kai.

PacTNet panel discussion & Pacific Voices Alumni celebration

On 27 November 2023, 20 years of the University of Otago’s Pacific Voices Postgraduate Symposium was celebrated with alumni, staff and current Pacific students at the Auahi Ora space in the Student Union Building. The evening programme began with an address from Tofilau Nina Kirifi-Alai, past manager of the Pacific Islands Centre and current Pacific Community Engagement Manager in Auckland. Tofilau shared reflections on establishing the symposium after seeing the need for postgraduate support in 2002 and gave encouraging words for organisers and students taking the symposium forward.

Her opening remarks were followed by an address from Deputy Vice Chancellor, Research & Enterprise, Professor Richard Blaikie who commented on Pacific research within the context of the University’s strategic direction. He enthusiastically supported Tofilau’s opening remarks and later engaged openly with the audience during the Q&A session at the end of the evening.

Panelists L-R Dr Tui Rakuita (Sociology), Dr Jess Pasisi (Te Tumu), Professor Rose Richards (Acting Director, Pacific Development Office & Co-Director of Coastal People, Southern Skies) and facilitator Dr Emma Powell (Te Tumu).

As a part of the programme, the symposium organisers and staff from the Pacific Development Office teamed up with the Pacific Thought Network (PacTNet) to arrange a public panel discussion. Earlier this year in May, PacTNet held its inaugural Pacific Lecture which was given by Tootooleaava Dr Fanaafi Aiono Le-Tagaloa and the panel gathered key Pacific thinkers from our university community to reflect on the ideas and comments made in the lecture. The panellists were Professor Rose Richards (Acting Director, Pacific Development Office & Co-Director of Coastal People, Southern Skies), Dr Tui Rakuita from Sociology and our very own, Dr Jess Pasisi. All of the panellists gave stimulating thoughts on Tootooleaava’s lecture, ranging from comment on Pacific leadership at the University of Otago, the significance of the diaspora to Pacific thinking, and the romanticism with which we hold Indigenous knowledge.

Dean of Te Tumu, Professor Patrick Vakaoti.

The PacTNet steering committee is made up of a number of our Te Tumu staff: Professor Patrick Vakaoti, Dr Telesia Kalavite and Dr Emma Powell. They are also joined by Dr Allamanda Fa‘atoese who is based in Christchurch and Dr Charles Radclyffe from Archaeology.

A number of our Te Tumu students participated and presented on their research during the Pacific Voices Symposium XX which was held on the following day, Tuesday 28 November 2023. For photos and coverage, check out the story from Pacific Communications Advisor, Keilah Vaetoru Fox, here.

MAI hui-ā-tau hosted by Te Kunenga ki Pūrehuroa, Massey University in Palmerston North

Ia te tau ka tū te MAI hui ā-tau ki tētehi o ngā Whare Wānanga e hono ana ki MAI, hei aha, hei whakatairanga i ngā mahi rangahau, hei akiaki hoki i ngā tauira me te whanawhanungatanga o ngā tauira Māori, otirā, ngā tauira taketake o te ao, puta noa i ngā Whare Wānanga o te motu.  I tēnei tau,i tū ai te hui ā-tau ki Te Kunenga ki Pūrehuroa, i Te Papaioea.

MAI ki Otago contingent at MAI hui ā-tau ki Te Kunenga ki Pūrehuroa, Massey University in Pamerston North.

Tokowhā ngā tauira Tohu Kairangi o Te Tumu e haere ana. Te rawe hoki o ngā kōrero me te whakawhanaungatanga i puta ai i reira. Kei runga noa atu te manaakitanga o ngā kaiwhakahaere nō reira, ngā mihi maioha ki a rātou. E rere hoki ana ngā mihi ki Te Kura Rangahau Tāura, ki a Rachel Sizemore kōrua ko Inano Walter i ā kōrua manaaki i a mātou, ko MAI ki Otago.

Every year a conference is hosted by one of the MAI sites, and is an opportunity for emerging Māori and Indigenous scholars to present papers in a supportive forum, and meet with other doctoral candidates and established academics.

Inano Taripo-Walker, Paia Taani, Alice Karetai, Leteisha Te Awhe-Downey

This year the annual MAI conference was hosted by Te Kunenga ki Pūrehuroa, Massey University in at the Palmerston North campus. Four PhD students from Te Tumu attended the hui. The presentations and networking opportunities were awesome. The hospitality of our hosts was amazing which we all appreciated. We also thank The Graduate Research School especially Rachel Sizemore and Inano Walter for supporting and looking after the MAI ki Otago group.

Highlighting research: Teachers of mainstream curricula, teaching Māori speaking children

Paia Taani, Ngāi Tūhoe, Ngāti Whare, Te Whakatōhea, Ngāti Uenukukōpako

Earlier this year Paia Taani, one of Te Tumu’s staff members published an article based on the research undertaken for her master’s degree which investigated teacher preparedness to teach te reo Māori speaking children in mainstream primary schools. Some of her key findings included an awareness of how language and culture impact on identity and educational outcomes. Although participants acknowledged the absolute necessity that te reo Māori and tikanga Māori are included in all aspects of the education setting, they also reported that tikanga Māori is a more comfortable space to be in than te reo Māori as there were clear connections to their own values.

Four key themes emerged from the findings which Paia promotes in the article as key factors for teacher readiness to teach reo Māori speaking children. These are: Kia rite (be prepared), Kia hono (be connected); Kia tātatiako (be culturally competent and responsive) and, Kia whakauruuru (be integrative). This article discusses those four factors listed above and implications for tamariki, their whānau, teachers and ITE providers. You can find the link to her article here, published in the New Zealand Journal of Teachers’ Work, June 2023.

https://ojs.aut.ac.nz/teachers-work/article/view/362

Paia will be presenting on this kaupapa next week, at the New Zealand Association for Research in Education Conference in Palmerston North.

First PhD oral examination held at Ōtākou Marae

E tino poho kererū ana ngā tāngata o Te Tumu ki a Megan Pōtiki. He pūkenga o mua a Megan, ā, ko tētahi o ā mātou tauira tohu kairangi. I tērā wiki, ka tū te whakamātautau o tāna tuhinga kairangi ki tōna marae, i Ōtākou. Koinei te whakamātautau kairangi tuatahi ki tētahi marae o tēnei rohe. Ko “Te Hū o Moho” te ingoa o tāna tuhinga e whakamāramatia nei ngā take i mate ai te reo Māori ki te kāika o Ōtākou i te haurua tuatahi o te rua tekau o ngā rautau. Ko Paerau Warbrick rāua ko Lachy Paterson ngā kaiārahi mō ngā mahi rangahau nei a Megan. I te hui hoki tōna whānau rātou ko ōna hoa. I reira hoki a Jacinta Ruru (ko te kaiwhakarite o te whakamātautau) rātou ko ngā kaiwhakawā tokorua, ko Tony Ballantyne rāua ko Peter Meihana (nō Te Kunenga ki Pūrehuroa). Pai rawa atu te kōrero whakamārama a Megan, me āna whakahoki i ngā pātai a ngā kaiwhakawā. Ka mutu ngā pātai a Tony rāua ko Peter, ka matapakitia āna rangahau e ērā atu tāngata o te hui. He tikanga rerekē tēnei, ā, ka whakaaetia e te katoa he tikanga pai, ā, ka whakamahia pea mō ngā whakamātautau kairangi katoa. Heoi, ka whakatau ngā kaiwhakawā, he rawe te tuhinga a Megan. Kia whakatikatia he hapa pakupaku, ka oti āna mahi. He rongo tino pai tēnei. He nunui hoki ā mātou mihi ki ngā tāngata whenua o Ōtākou mō te pai o te pōwhiri, me te reka hoki o te hākari.

Megan Pōtiki pictured here with her whānau,  and kaitautoko from the University of Otago at Ōtākou Marae.

Staff at Te Tumu are extremely proud of Megan Pōtiki. She was a former lecturer, and has been one of our PhD students. Last week, the examination of her doctoral thesis was held at her marae, at Ōtākou. This is the first doctoral examination on a marae of this region. Her thesis is entitled “Te Hū o Moho” in which she explained the causes of the death of the Māori language in her village of Ōtākou in the first half of the twentieth century. Paerau Warbrick and Lachy Paterson were the supervisors of her research work. Her friends and family were also at the hui. There too were Jacinta Ruru (the examination convenor) and two of the examiners, Tony Ballantyne and Peter Meihana (Massey University). Megan gave an excellent presentation, as were her answers to the examiners’ questions. When they had concluded their questions, other people at the hui then discussed her research. This was a departure from normal process, and everyone agreed it was a great tikanga that might be used for all doctoral examinations. The examiners determined that Megan’s thesis was excellent, and when she tidies a few typos, she will be finished. This is great news. We would also like to thank the local people at Ōtākou for their warm welcome, and the wonderful food.

 

Te hiranga o te ao kapa haka

 

Ko Maioha Watson, Nō Tainui, Ngāi Tūhoe, Ngāti Manawa, Te Āti Awa me Te Arawa

To celebrate Te Wiki o te Reo Māori, the Te Tumu Research Committee is showcasing the exceptional work of Māori postgraduate students writing their theses in te reo. Roma Donaldson-Gush talked to Maioha Watson, and asked him to share some insights about his rangahau.

Kia kaha te reo Māori te kaupapa matua o tēnei wiki.  Hei whakamana i tō tātou reo Māori, kua kōrero atu a Roma Donalson-Gush ki ētahi o ngā tauira Māori e tuhi ana i ā rātou ake tuhinga roa (Tohu Paerua, Tohu Kairangi rānei) i te reo Māori.  Ia rā o te wiki nei, ka whakaatu ai tētahi o aua tauira, i tēnei rā, ko Maioha Watson tērā.

Ko te kaupapa o tōna tuhingaroa, he whakakīkī haere i te puna rangahau e hīnātore ai te hiranga o te ao kapa haka ki te ao whānui, inarā, i ōna hua maha ki te hunga rangatahi. Ko te ngako, he matapaki i ngā wheako o te hunga rangatahi kātahi anō ka whakaeke atu ai ki te papa tātāwhāinga o Te Matatini; me te aha, he whakatairanga i ōna kura huna ki te ao.

Nā te aha koe i whiriwhiri i tēnei huarahi ki te tuhi i tō tuhinga whakapae i roto i te reo Māori?

“Nōku e matapaki, e whāwhā ana i te puna o te kī, me uaua ka kitea ngā hua o te ao haka ki te hunga rangatahi, me te mea hoki, he kaha tonu nō te ao pūtaiao Pākehā ki te whakahāwea i ō tātou mātauranga Māori. Nā konā i toka ai te whakatau, me tuhi taku tuhinga whakapae i te reo Māori. Hei āpitihanga, ko tāku e tōngakingaki nei ko te whakamāori i te kōrerotia o te reo Māori, kia maringi, kia tangata whenua, kia noho ko tōku reo ake, hei reo mātāmua mōku.”

He aha ngā āhuatanga matua, ngā hua me kī, kua puta i tō kōwhiringa ki te tuhi i roto i te reo Māori?

“Ko te ako, ko te whakawhānui ake i ōku mōhiotanga ki tōku ao. I te mutunga iho, ko tāku he whakahoki i ōku wheako, i ngā mātauranga kua akona e au ki tōku iwi, hei oranga mōna.”

He kupu tohutohu, he kupu akiaki rānei āu mō ngā tauira e hiahia ana ki te whai rangahau i roto i te reo Māori?

“Ākina, kōrerotia te reo! Kaua e kōrapa, e ngāueue ki te tuku i tō reo kia rere. Whakanuia, whakarangatirahia tā tātou taonga, tō tātou reo kāmehameha, ki te ngutu o te makiu.”

Te kapa haka me te Atuatanga

To celebrate Te Wiki o te Reo Māori, Te Tumu Research Committee is showcasing the exceptional work of Māori postgraduate students writing their theses in te reo Māori. Roma Donaldson-Gush talked to Te Hira Paenga, and asked him to share some insights about his rangahau.

Kia kaha te reo Māori te kaupapa matua o tēnei wiki.  Hei whakamana i tō tātou reo Māori, kua kōrero atu a Roma Donalson-Gush ki ētahi o ngā tauira Māori e tuhi ana i ā rātou ake tuhinga roa (Tohu Paerua, Tohu Kairangi rānei) i te reo Māori.  Ia rā o te wiki nei, ka whakaatu ai tētahi o aua tauira, i tēnei rā, ko Te Hira Paenga tērā.

 

Ko Te Hira Paenga, nō Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Porou me Ngāti Kahungunu

He tauira a Te Hira nō Te Tumu me te Mātai Whakapono Karaitiana. Ko te whāinga o tōna rangahau, he whakaū i te kaupapa Māori, otirā te mātauranga Māori, ki roto i ngā kaupapa Atuatanga. Mā te tūhura, mā te tāutu, mā te arotake i ngā ihoatua o te ao kapa haka e whai hononga ai tēnei wānanga a te Māori ki te Atuatanga. Ko tōna urupounamu, he aha ngā ihoatua e kitea ana i roto i ngā mahi kapa haka kei ngā tuhinga, kei ngā whakaritenga rangi me ngā oro waiata, me ngā nekeneke ā-tinana? Ka mutu, he aha ōna kura puaki e kīia ai tēnei rangahau Atuatanga he ihoatua whakahirahira a te Māori?

 

Nā te aha koe i whiriwhiri i tēnei huarahi ki te tuhi i tō tuhinga whakapae i roto i te reo Māori?

“Ko te tuatahi tēnei o ngā tuhingaroa Atuatanga i te ao kua tuhia ki te reo kāmehameha, arā ki te reo Māori. Kua roa te iwi Māori e tito haka ana, waiata ana, mōteatea ana, hīmene ana, aha atu, aha atu. Kua tae ki te wā e ōkawa ai ngā kaupapa Atuatanga kua roa e noho waiwai ana i roto i te iwi Māori. He ākonga kura kaupapa Māori ahau i puta i Hoani Waititi i te tau 2000, nā reira, ko te reo o aku tīpuna e āki ana i a au kia Māori te kupu, ā, kia Māori te kawe.”

He aha ngā āhuatanga matua, ngā hua me kī, kua puta i tō kōwhiringa ki te tuhi i roto i te reo Māori?

“Ko te tūmanako ka whāia tonutia ngā tuhinga Atuatanga reo Māori e ngāi pīkoko, otirā e te rangatahi hei ngā rangi e tū mai nei.”

He kupu tohutohu, he kupu akiaki rānei āu mō ngā tauira e hiahia ana ki te whai rangahau i roto i te reo Māori?

“Kia kaha rā, ahatia te kaupapa, te horopaki, te matū rānei o ngā kaupapa tuhi, ā, kia kounga te reo. Torotoro ki te hunga e matatau ana i te reo, ā, whai hononga ki ētahi mātanga kua tohunga nei ki ngā mahi e rangahautia ana e koe. I te korenga o ngā tuhinga kairangi Pūtaiao, Pāngarau, Mātai Hinengaro, Pūoro, Atuatanga, aha atu, aha atu, kua noho ko te reo me te ahurea Māori hei mātāmuri ki ngā kaupapa auraki. Kua tae ki te wā e whakaohooho ai te taniwha mātauranga Māori, reo Māori, kua roa e moe ana i te rua o mahara. Kia hiwa ake Māori mā, nō koutou te ao!”

 

Kei whea te wāhi ki a Rongo?

To celebrate Te Wiki o te Reo Māori, the Te Tumu Research Committee is showcasing the exceptional work of Māori postgraduate students writing their theses in te reo. Roma Donaldson-Gush talked to Tonga Karena, and asked him to share some insights about his rangahau.

Hei whakamana i tō tātou reo Māori, kua kōrero atu a Roma Donalson-Gush ki ētahi o ngā tauira Māori e tuhi ana i ā rātou ake tuhinga roa (Tohu Paerua, Tohu Kairangi rānei) i te reo Māori.  Ia rā o te wiki nei, ka whakaatu ai tētahi o aua tauira, i tēnei rā, ko Tonga Karena tērā.

Ko Tonga Karena, nō Taranaki, Ngāi Tūhoe, Te Aupōuri me Ngāti Kahungunu ki Te Wairoa

He tauira a Tonga nō Te Tumu me Te Ao o Rongomaraeroa (Peace and Conflict). Ko te pūtake o tōna mahi rangahau, he rapu i ngā kōrero mō Rongo a te Māori, i mua i te taenga mai o te paipera me te rongopai, me te rapua mai he aha rawa ērā āhuatanga i roto i tōna ake iwi o Taranaki. Kei te aro hoki ia ki a Parihaka me ngā āhuatanga o Rongo ki reira – e kīia nei, ko ngā kura huna. He nui nga tūmomo kōrero e whakatairanga nei i te rongopai ki roto i a Parihaka. Ko tōna hiahia ki te rapu whakautu mō te pātai, kei hea te wāhi ki a Rongo?

Nā te aha koe i whiriwhiri i tēnei huarahi ki te tuhi i tō tuhinga whakapae i roto i te reo Māori?

“I timata taku tuhi i tēnei tuhingaroa ki roto i te reo Pākehā. Ka tae atu au ki waenganui o te mahi, ka tahuri mai ngā kaitiaki me te pātai, ‘pēhea rānei ki a koe tō tuhia mai i tō rangahau ki roto i te reo?’ I āhua ohorere au i tēnā pātai, engari he pai ki a au nā te mea, he timatanga tēnei mā Parihaka ki te kōrero ki a ia anō ki roto i tōna anō reo. Ko te mea kē, kia rongo i a Parihaka tōna anō reo – me whai reo a Parihaka ki roto i tōna reo Māori. Koirā tāku i ngākaunui ai ki tērā huarahi tuhituhi.

“Ko tōku tino pātai i a au e tuhi ana ki roto i te reo Pākehā, ‘He aha ai au e whakaratarata nei i te ao Pākehā ki ēnei kōrero?’ Ka mutu, me whai wāhi ngā tauheke ki te māhorahora mai, ki te ruku hohonu atu ki roto i tō rātou ngākau, mamae kore nei. Ka māmā ko te maringi mai o ngā kōrero i ngā tauheke e mārama ana ki te reo. Ka mutu, he tino taonga te pānui i ngā kōrero o tō iwi, o tō hapū i roto i tō reo.”

He aha ngā āhuatanga matua, ngā hua me kī, kua puta i tō kōwhiringa ki te tuhi i roto i te reo Māori?

“Kua nui ake taku mōhio ki tōku Parihakatanga. Kua whai wāhi au ki te takahi tētahi huarahi e rapu ai au te mea ngaro – te kura. Ka mutu, ko te kukume mai o te kāinga i a koe kia noho tahi koe me ō pāhake, me te hapori whānui.”

 He kupu tohutohu, he kupu akiaki rānei āu mō ngā tauira e hiahia ana ki te whai rangahau i roto i te reo Māori?

“Me manawanui koe ki a koe anō. Me manawanui koe ki te noho tahi me o pāhake, ki te pānui pukapuka, ki te wero i ngā kōrero a ngā Pākehā i tuhi ai mōu. Kimihia tō reo tuhituhi, kimihia tō reo kōrero. Ka haere ngā tau, ka pahure ngā tau i a koe, ka kite koe he tangata hou kua puawai mai. I te mutunga iho, ka kite koe i tētahi mea, i tētahi kura, hei tuku atu ki te ao.”

 

Kia kaha te reo Māori

 

To celebrate Te Wiki o te Reo Māori, Te Tumu Research Committee is showcasing the exceptional work of Māori postgraduate students writing their theses in te reo Māori. Roma Donaldson-Gush talked to Kahurangi Tipene, and asked her to share some insights about her rangahau.

Kia kaha te reo Māori te kaupapa matua o tēnei wiki.  Hei whakamana i tō tātou reo Māori, kua kōrero atu a Roma Donalson-Gush ki ētahi o ngā tauira Māori e tuhi ana i ā rātou ake tuhinga roa (Tohu Paerua, Tohu Kairangi rānei) i te reo Māori.  Ia rā o te wiki nei, ka whakaatu ai tētahi o aua tauira, i tēnei rā, ko Kahurangi Tipene tērā.

Ko Kahurangi Tipene, Nō Waikato me Ngāpuhi

E mahi ana a Kahurangi i tana Tohu Kairangi, ā, he tauira ia nō Te Tumu me te Pūtaiao. Ko te tino pūtake o tōna ake rangahau, he waha ake i ngā wheako a tētahi whānau i Tauranga e mau nei i tētahi irakē. Ka mutu, ko tāna tūponotanga ka whanake mai ai te mate pukupuku puku, me te mate pukupuku uma. Ko ia hei māngai mā te iwi irakē.

Nā te aha koe i whiriwhiri ai i tēnei huarahi ki te tuhi i tō tuhinga whakapae i roto i te reo Māori?

“He pai ake mooku te tuhi me te whakaputu i ngaku whakaaro, koorero, wairua ki te reo Maaori. Nooku i te koohanga, kura kaupapa, wharekura i poipoi i taku reo Maaori.”

 

He aha ngā āhuatanga matua, ngā hua me kī, kua puta i tō kōwhiringa ki te tuhi i roto i te reo Māori?

“Ko ngaa hua ka puta i tooku koowhiringa ki te tuhi i roto i te reo Maaori, kia puta pai ai he rauemi maa taatou te iwi Maaori, maa ngaa whaanau Maaori hoki, kia whakaako ai raatou i ngaa aahuatanga katoa o te irakee. Ka mutu, he tohu kia whakakipakipa i te hunga e mataku ana ki te tuhi i te reo Maaori. Anei, he tauira teenei maa koutou.”

He kupu tohutohu, he kupu akiaki rānei āu mō ngā tauira e hiahia ana ki te whai rangahau i roto i te reo Māori?

“Kei ngaa ika aa whiro o te reo Maaori, koutou e kaingaakau ana ki te reo Maaori, teenaa whiua ki te ao. Kia kaha te tuhi me te koorero i te reo Maaori, ahakoa hapa mai, aha mai. Mirimiri atu ki ngaa pokowhiwhi o tauira kee e manawanui ana ki te reo Maaori. Ka taea e koutou.”

Te reo Māori o ngā Kūki ‘Āirani: Dr Akevai Nicholas

Earlier in the week Te Tumu hosted a visiting scholar from the University of Auckland,  Dr Akevai Nicholas.  Akevai is from the island of Ma‘uke (Cook Islands) and is a Senior lecturer in Māori studies at the University of Auckland.  She has a linguistics and Māori Studies background and her research focuses on the description, documentation, and revitalisation of her ancestral language.

Staff and students of Te Tumu, and the wider University community, were fortunate to meet and engage in a rich and insightful kōrero with Akevai.  Informal in nature, the discussion and questions from those present kept rolling in and Akevai’s knowledge and expertise in the area of linguistics associated with te reo Māori o konei me ngā Kūki ‘Āirani was notable.  A sobering point of discussion was the worryingly low proportion of Cook Islands Māori speakers in Aotearoa and the home island, it is a language that is very much in critical need of revitalisation and initiatives to teach the youth their language, sometimes alongside their parents.  There is no denying a connection between Māori of Aotearoa and Māori of Kūki ‘Airani, genealogically, culturally and linguistically,  therefore, a call to support and work together to achieve their reo aspirations is needed.

Some of the other key messages and kaupapa discussed included intergenerational language transmission, the geography and demography of the speaking populations, the introduction and interaction with English speaking people and some key researchers and leaders in linguistics of Indigenous Polynesian languages from the 1960’s to now.  It was not difficult to hear the impact Dr Akevai Nicholas is making with her research,  a trail blazer, a strong advocate and a passionate Ma‘ukean, who is a crucial champion of and for the revitalisation of te reo Māori o ngā Kūki ‘Āirani and te reo Māori Aotearoa.  Meitaki nui Dr Akevai Nicholas.